This research project aims to contribute to the literature on post-conflict economic recovery by quantitatively studying the nexus between mineral resources, conflict and employment opportunities in South-Kivu, DRC. The mining sector in the DRC is currently undergoing a transition from artisanal to industrial mining (click here for some background information). In several mining sites, there is a tense co-existance between both modes of mineral production. Within this framework, we study:
- The profile of artisanal miners and their coping mechanisms;
- How the transformation of the mining sector may affect individual-level determinants of participation in conflict events;
- If the presence of mineral extraction sites increases local conflict events; and if that relationship depends on the operational mode of the site.
- What is the profile of artisanal miners, and what are their coping mechanisms?
- How may the transformation of the mining sector affect individual-level determinants of participation in conflict events?
In order to study the first and second research question, we conducted fieldwork in the gold mining town of Kamituga. Click here for a short history of mining in Kamituga.
In the past four years, we conducted four rounds of fieldwork in Kamituga:
The information collected during our fieldwork so far led to the following research output:
In order to study the third research question, we make use of geo-referenced data on the location of mineral deposits, industrial mining concessions, artisanal mining sites and local conflict events in eastern DRC. This is work in progress with Marijke Verpoorten and Peter van der Windt.